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Taipei is shaping a cycle-friendly city

張貼者:2017年4月13日 下午7:58楊婷茹   [ 已更新 2017年4月13日 下午8:01 ]


It was 3am when Helen Chen called it a night after hanging out with friends in downtown Taipei. The buses and trains had stopped running and Chen doesn’t own a car. Unperturbed, the 34-year-old strolled to a bike-share docking station two blocks away, grabbed a bike with a quick tap of her EasyCard (stored-value smartcard) on the automated kiosk, and pedalled the 5km distance home. She reached home safe and sound in barely 30 minutes and the bike rental cost her NTD10 (RM1.23).

“I ride YouBike (the bike-share’s name) everywhere. It’s convenient and cheap,” says Chen, a Taipei-based product designer who grew up in Sydney. Chen echoes the sentiments of over four million registered users of YouBike in Taipei today.

Launched in 2009 with a modest 11 stations and 500 bikes, YouBike now has 214 stations with 7,000 bicycles, strategically placed next to MRT stations, bus stops and tourist attractions. To date, the bike-share scheme has surpassed the 40-million rental mark, logs an average of 52,000 trips a day with a turnover rate of 8.06 trips per bicycle.

The city’s bike lane network totals 498.38km, including bike paths, dual-use sidewalks and river bikeways. Downtown Taipei boasts a 58.93km-network of cycling lanes.

image: http://cdn.star2.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/str2_cycletaipei_annmarie_3_lead.jpg

Taipei City will be thrust into the spotlight this week as it hosts the international cycling conference, Velo-City Global 2016.

Taipei City hosts the international cycling conference, Velo-City Global 2016.

Beijing, Shanghai and Seoul sent delegations to suss out Taipei’s bike-share programme and Singapore’s Land Transport Authority had planned a study visit this month.

When Taipei won its bid to become the first Asian city to host the premier cycling conference Velo-City Global 2016, YouBike’s success was credited as one of the main factors.

A 2014 report by European Cyclists’ Federation on Taipei’s cycling achievement noted that cycling mode share (percentage of total trips done by bicycle) in Taipei is up 30%. It now stands at 5.5%, a figure yet to be matched by many European capital cities (in cycling utopias like Copenhagen and Amsterdam, however, bikes account for more than 50% of trips in the cities). The usage figure for YouBike matches the world’s best, and women make up 50% of the cycling population – a gauge of the city’s cycle-friendliness.

Cities usually struggle to attract women cyclists due to lack of safe, segregated cycle networks, according to ECF, also the founder of Velo-city conference.

“YouBike helped us overcome our urban mobility issues like traffic congestion, air pollution and road safety,” says Anne Chung, the commissioner for Taipei City Government’s Department of Transportation (DOT).

“With an efficient Taipei Metro (MRT) and bus systems, we can leverage the use of public bikes for the last mile (of commuters’ journeys).”

Taipei plans to increase its YouBike fleet to 400 stations and 13,000 bicycles by 2018, Chung added. And the city wants to complete an additional 192.9km of bike lanes and facilities by 2019. Aside from Taipei, YouBike has also been implemented in New Taipei City, Taichung City and Changhua Country.

image: http://cdn.star2.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/str2_cycletaipei_annmarie_5.jpg

Public bike parking in front of National Taiwan University.

Across the globe, more than 700 cities in 50 countries have implemented bike-share systems (The Economist, Sept 5, 2015). Paris’s Vélib and Barcelona’s Bicing bike-share systems are de facto role models for aspiring bike-sharing cities although the world’s largest bike-sharing schemes (not necessarily the most successful) are in Chinese cities of Hangzhou and Wuhan. New York-based global non-profit Institute for Transportation & Development Policy (ITDP) rates the success of bike-share systems based on criteria like station density – 10-16 stations for every square kilometre, bikes per resident, coverage area, quality bikes (practical and fit for use) and easy-to-use stations. From New York City to London and Rio de Janeiro, these cosmopolitan cities are looking for solutions for urban issues.

“A great bike-share system indicates that the city is thinking progressively about transit, the environment, and quality of life,” sums up ITDP’s Director of National Policy and Project Evaluation Colin Hughes.

Rome wasn’t built in a day

But like most Asian cities experiencing rapid, economic growth post 1970s, Taipei underwent a boom in construction of highways and roads. As income rises, cars and motorcycles became the preferred form of transport. To ease traffic congestion, a bus lane network was initiated in the early 1990s and the first Taipei Metro line opened in 1996.

Today, Taipei boasts a comprehensive bus network and an efficient MRT system with five lines and 117 stations covering 136.6km. Trains run frequently (every three minutes during peak hours), are punctual and rarely break down. And the EasyCard, a smartcard ticketing system, can be used on all public transport.

image: http://cdn.star2.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/str2_cycletaipei_annmarie_6-e1456054617218.jpg

Professor Jason Chang

“Before we even talk of putting cycling into the equation, we need to talk about the whole public transport system,” says Dr SK Jason Chang, the director of Public Transport Research Center and Professor of Transport Systems at National Taiwan University.

In short, for bike-share systems to work and to encourage commuters to cycle the first or last mile of their journey, they need to be able to transfer seamlessly between the various modes of public transport.

A strong support from the central government and collaboration with the bicycle manufacturing industry are also vital ingredients for the scheme to work, Chang added. The city government forked out funding for the bike-share infrastructure and Giant Manufacturing Company designed and supplied the bicycles, and operates the scheme. Taiwan’s Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) subsidised the first 30-minute rental for the bikes.

“The trial project with the first 500 bikes was received poorly with a turnover rate of one bike per day or week,” admits Chang who researches on public transport, transport economics and advanced public transit.

Limited bikes and stations – only available in the Xinyi business district, and the complicated rental procedure (users need two valid IDs and credit card to register), led to the poor response.

“We asked Eric Britton (the sustainability activist and founder of World CarFree Day) for his advice on the bike-share project when he was in Taipei for CarFree Day in 2011, and his answer was: ‘expand, expand, expand!’ ” recalls Chang.

“So once registration was simplified – using EasyCard and mobile number, and the fleet was expanded to 4,545 bikes with 136 stations across the city, the number of users shot up,” explains Chang, who advocates people-centric cities. Apart from being advisor to the Taipei City Government for 22 years, Chang is one of the pioneers promoting green mobility in developing cities like China and India.

Car-Free Day has been an annual event in Taipei since 2001.

“Taipei residents get a feel of what it’s like to enjoy the streets, free from motorised traffic,” says Chang, listing the benefits of Car-Free Day.

“It’s also a good time for the city government to evaluate its progress in transforming into a people-centred environment, and an opportunity to announce its vision and future objectives.

image: http://www.star2.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/str2_cycletaipei_annmarie_7.jpg

Lifts for bicycles at MRT stations. Folding bikes in bags are allowed to access to the MRT stations but full-sized bikes can only get on the trains on the weekends and public holidays.

image: http://www.star2.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/str2_cycletaipei_annmarie_10.jpg

Bike parking at an MRT station.

Since the late 1990s, Taiwan’s central and local government started promoting cycling tourism and recreational cycling. Millions of dollars have been poured into bicycle infrastructures for the construction of a nationwide bike network and river bikeways. Taiwan Tourism Bureau’s dogged efforts have put the country’s cycling tourism on the world map with events like the annual Taiwan Cycling Festival. Lonely Planet lists Taiwan on its “Best in Travel 2012” list, saying the country is “best seen on two wheels”.

Last December, Taiwan launched the 968km round-island bike network with 122 rest areas, dedicated cycling paths, shower facilities and multiple drop-off locations for rental bikes.

When President Mayor Ma Ying-jeou was elected into office in 2008, he announced a NTD30bil (RM3.7mil) funding for Energy Savings Emission Reduction Policy, which triggered a boom in green transportation and cycling became all the rage.

“All these combined factors made the bike-share programme take off,” says Chang.

However, grassroots cycling advocacy hasn’t really taken off in Taiwan until now. A group of passionate cycle-commuters is in the midst of registering an NGO to plug bicycle-commuting, road safety and city races.

To date, most of the advocacy work has been led by Cycling Lifestyle Foundation, a semi-commercial organisation funded by Giant – the world’s largest bike manufacturer by revenue. Based on Giant founder King Liu’s vision: “to promote cycling as part of our lifestyle,” the Foundation works closely with government and policy makers to promote cycling as a mode of recreation and sustainable transport.

image: http://cdn.star2.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/str2_cycletaipei_annmarie_15.jpg

Bike infrastructure-like ramps at the river bikeway.

Bike infrastructure-like ramps at the river bikeway.

Founded in 1989, the Foundation started out creating and running cycling events and island-wide cycling tours to get more people cycling. And when Taipei city and New Taipei City (the metropolitan areas of Taipei) constructed the river bikeways, Giant donated free bikes to help kick-start recreational cycling. Today, the Foundation operates 15 non-profit rental bike stations with over 4000 bikes along the bikeways in New Taipei City.

“The income from the rental service is used to maintain the bikes or buy new bikes when we retire the old ones,” says Vicky Yang, the CEO of Cycling Lifestyle and Liu’s daughter. “We just want city folks to experience the joy of cycling so it becomes a lifestyle.”

When then Taipei Mayor Hau Lung-bin wanted to initiate the pilot bike-share programme in Taipei, the Foundation sent an entourage of Giant bike technicians and Yang to Paris to learn about the Vélib bike-share scheme in 2008. Over the years, the Foundation has invited government officers on all-expense paid study trips abroad to check out best cycling practices.

“Now that recreational cycling is well established, we are promoting cycling commuting to complete the last piece of the puzzle,” says Yang who has the ear of the city and central governments. “We need more bicycle paths in the city so more people will be willing to commute by bicycle. More cyclists mean safer streets and less traffic accidents.”

Room for improvement

The conflict between cyclists, pedestrians, motorists and motorcyclists is the perennial issue dogging cycling-commute within the city. Bike lanes are placed on shared sidewalks or traffic slow lanes, and many of the lanes, including the river bikeway, lacks connectivity.

image: http://cdn.star2.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/str2_cycletaipei_annmarie_13.jpg

Cyclists and pedestrian have to watch out for cars and scooters turning at intersections although they have the right of way.

Cyclists and pedestrian have to watch out for cars and scooters turning at intersections although they have the right of way.

In a recent survey by the DOT on cycling safety, nearly 40% of pedestrians complained about cyclists who ride on arcades (five foot way) or sidewalks, and 20% of respondents abhor cyclists who weave in and out of traffic or ride outside of designated cycling lanes.

“Our population is dense, we just don’t have enough room to accommodate infrastructures for different modes of transport. People have to learn to respect and live harmoniously with each other,” admits Commissioner Chung. Taipei has 2.7million people living within a 271.79sqkm space, with a population density of 9,944 residents per sqkm (Kuala Lumpur’s population density is 6,890 people per sqkm).

“We will continue to run campaigns to educate people about respecting each other’s right of way and road safety.”

One of the city’s main priorities is to reduce the number of cars and motorcycles on the road, Chung said.

“Our vision for Taipei city is zero traffic death,” adds Chung, whose preferred mode of transport is YouBike and she doesn’t own a car or motorcycle.

In Taipei and the metropolitan areas, motorcycles outnumber cars (about 3.1million motorcycles versus 1.5million cars by the end of 2014) and account for 54.1% of total traffic fatality within Taipei city. Over the years, the city has reduced parking spaces for motorcycles, eradicated free parking for cars and widened the sidewalks for pedestrians and bike lanes.

Motorcycle ownership in Taipei has dropped 13% in the last eight years. However, there is no study yet to show the correlation between the success of Taipei’s bike-share scheme and the decrease of cars and motorcycles in Taipei (from 2011 and 2014).

image: http://cdn.star2.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/str2_cycletaipei_annmarie_2.jpg

Restroom facilities for cyclists at the riverbikeway.

Restroom facilities for cyclists at the riverbikeway.

For YouBike commuters like Chen, the usual gripes are shortage of bicycles for rent and shortage of docks to return the bikes to (due to high volume usage). But smartphone users can download a free app that maps out YouBike station locations across the city and the availability of bikes. Theft and vandalism are a non-issue due to the bike’s clever designs.

But in April last year, the city removed the subsidy for the first 30-minute free YouBike rental. Users have to pay NTD5 (RM0.60) for the first 30 minutes and NTD10 per 30 minutes within the first four hours and the rate increases with longer usage. The pricing structure is designed to encourage short trips and help maximize the turnover of the bicycles.

“After implementing the charges, we save an average of NTD10.37mil (RM1.29mil) per month in subsidies,” says Chung. The average subsidy covered by the city from April to September 2015 was NTD7.46mil (RM934,000) per month.

“We strive to make YouBike financially independent by 2019.”

However, Chang feels that the city should create incentives to entice more cycling commuters.

“The city should thank you for riding a bicycle during peak hours because you are helping to reduce congestion and pollution,” says Chang, an avid cyclist and owner of four bicycles. “Of course, we need a sustainable financial scheme for YouBike because someone has to pay for it. But we also need to encourage more people to commute with their own bicycles.”

Forty-eight percent of Taipei’s population now uses public transport and in the Taipei metropolitan areas, the number is lower at 30%.

“The ideal figure should be 60%,” says Chang.

A global conference like Velo-city is a good opportunity for Taipei and Taiwan to explore the challenges of transforming a “motorcycle city” into a green mobility city, Chang added.

“We can identify how to deal with the challenges. And with the help of local and international experts, come up with a clear vision to make it happen.

“It boils down to strong political will, very good design, infrastructure, management, financial scheme and integration.”

Read more at http://www.star2.com/living/2016/02/23/taipei-shaping-a-cycle-friendly-city/#IE5iBySTMCgzRvqc.99

NTU seminar boosts Taiwan-India exchanges

張貼者:2017年2月21日 下午10:21楊婷茹   [ 已更新 2017年2月21日 下午10:21 ]

NTU seminar boosts Taiwan-India exchanges

Staff of NTU’s Advanced Public Transportation Research Center and representatives from India who took part in a sustainable mobility seminar pose for a group photo Feb. 9 at Daan Park in Taipei City. (Courtesy of APTRC)

The 2017 Sustainable Urban Mobility Program: Leaders in Urban Transport Planning and Management seminar was held at National Taiwan University in Taipei City from Feb. 9-10, helping foster links between Taiwan and India officials and industry professionals in line with the government’s New Southbound Policy.


A key plank in President Tsai Ing-wen’s national development strategy, the New Southbound Policy seeks to deepen Taiwan’s agricultural, business, cultural, education, trade and tourism links with the 10 Association of Southeast Asian Nations member states, six South Asian countries, Australia and New Zealand.


The annual seminar is part of the Sustainable Urban Transport Project jointly initiated by the World Bank, India’s Ministry of Urban Development and the Center of Excellence in Urban Transport at Center for Environmental Planning and Technology University in Ahmedabad. The SUTP aims to promote environmentally sustainable urban transport in the South Asian nation and improve the usage of environmentally friendly transport methods through demonstration projects in selected cities.


Launched in 2015, the program is organized by the Advanced Public Transportation Research Center at NTU in conjunction with the Center of Excellence in Urban Transport at CEPTU.


The two-day seminar was tailored to advance the expertise of urban transportation professionals and high-level government officials. It included workshops and discussions encompassing topics such as Taipei’s integration of intelligent transportation systems and sustainable transportation with urban development, as well as the city’s experiences regarding the establishment and management of the YouBike public bicycle rental system.


Tours were arranged to various YouBike facilities so that seminar participants could gain a more practical understanding of the platform.


According to Taiwan representative to India Tien Chung-kwang, the program, in line with the New Southbound Policy, seeks to not only strengthen economic and trade ties between the two sides, but also provide opportunities for Taiwan to help India cultivate talent in various fields.


A total of 45 representatives from India’s public and private urban transportation sectors attended the seminar, including officials from the Ministry of Urban Development, Central Railway and Ministry of Transport of West Bengal. (SCK-E)

Write to Taiwan Today at ttonline@mofa.gov.tw


為印度育才 台灣辦印度交通領袖課程

張貼者:2017年2月3日 下午9:36楊婷茹

台大先進公共運輸研究中心主任張學孔(面向人群舉起 雙手者)2015年11月在台北市為參加首屆印度都市交通 領袖課程的印度交通
領袖們解說台北交通建設發展,第 2屆課程9日再於台大展開。 (台大先進公共運輸研究中心提供) 中央社記者康世人新德里傳真 

為印度育才 台灣辦印度交通領袖課程

發稿時間:2017/02/03 14:12

最新更新:2017/02/03 14:47


台大先進公共運輸研究中心主任張學孔今天告訴中央社記者,印度都市交通領袖課程是由台大先進公共運輸研究中心與印度CEPT大學卓越都市運輸中心從2015年起合作,執行世界銀行與印度都市發展部(Ministry of Urban Development)合作推動的計畫。



在本屆課程中,將著重運輸整合的捷運系統2.0(Metro 2.0)、TOD(以公共交通為導向的都市發展)在台發展狀況與經驗、公共自行車分享系統、智慧運輸和永續交通、智慧公車等多項智慧交通與永續都市交通議題進行研討與專題演說,同時安排公共自行車系統YouBike等相關參訪。


這次課程將有來自印度公共工程部、國家地區規劃委員會、中央鐵路局、城市規劃局、都市發展局及西孟加拉省(West Bengal)運輸部、齋浦爾(Jaipur)地鐵公司、班加羅爾(Bengaluru)都市交通公司等45名印度中央與地方各單位交通領袖參加。



「台灣高鐵智慧運輸服務系統」獲頒 ITS世界大會名人堂產業成就獎

張貼者:2016年10月16日 下午10:46楊婷茹

      「第23屆智慧運輸世界大會」(23rd ITS World Congress Melbourne 2016)正在澳洲墨爾本召開,並於當地時間11日上午9時舉行頒獎典禮,台灣高鐵獲頒2016年ITS世界大會名人堂產業成就獎(ITS World Congress Hall of Fame Industry Award),由鄭光遠執行長代表高鐵公司與交通部王國材政務次長,共同接受此一世界級獎項殊榮! 由產、官、學界百餘人組成的台灣代表團以及三千多位國際代表在場觀禮,見證台灣軌道產業高度智慧化卓越成就、領先國際的榮耀時刻

       鄭光遠執行長表示,台灣高鐵這次榮獲ITS世界大會名人堂產業成就獎,全體同仁都感到無比興奮與榮耀。高鐵自興建營運以來,漸進深化運用智慧運輸系統科技,創造快速、便捷、舒適的旅運服務,為台灣串聯美好新生活。未來,高鐵公司更將運用大數據、物聯網等前瞻科技,     打造「高鐵智慧運輸旅客服務雲」及「高鐵智慧運輸營運管理雲」等智慧運輸雲端科技,希望提升營運安全及服務品質,更為旅客帶來「搭高鐵.更貼心」的全新感受。



       台灣高鐵以「台灣高鐵智慧運輸服務系統」榮獲2016ITS世界大會名人堂產業成就獎。獲獎主旨重點在五個子系統的智慧化運用的卓越表現:「智慧化列車運行管理」(Smart Train Operation)、「智慧化安全與應變管理」(Smart Safety & Emergency Management)、「智慧化訂位購票服務」(Smart Ticketing System)、「智慧化旅客服務」(Smart Passenger Service)、「智慧化旅遊資訊服務」(Integrated i-Traveling Information),突出於國際社會。讓旅客從訂位購票、進站乘車、營運安全、線上購物(T Shop)以及轉乘接駁,全程享受智慧運輸帶來的便捷、舒適與安全的優質高鐵服務。


張貼者:2016年8月13日 下午8:10楊婷茹

    全球交通運輸學界盛會「第14屆世界運輸研究大會」(World Conference on Transport Research, WCTR) 於7月10至15日於上海同濟大學盛大舉行,此國際會議自1977年起每三年舉辦一次,本次會議有超過1,170篇投稿文章,來自超過65個國家的產政學研專家共同與會。WCTR是由交通運輸學界創立,主要目的是提供一個溝通交流的平台,邀請來自世界各地的運輸相關領域專家,共同激發思考運輸領域的理論及應用研究、多元創新發展與深度交流。土木系張學孔教授、先進公共運輸研究中心陳雅雯執行長、陳清宜助理合作的論文"Motorcycle Management Policy in Taiwan: From Dilemma to Reality"獲得大會最佳論文獎(Best WCTR Paper on Transport in Developing Countries)。

數位經濟夯 科技資訊分享服務產業政策論壇注動力

張貼者:2016年7月13日 下午11:32楊婷茹













台經院 科技資訊分享服務產業政策論壇

張貼者:2016年7月13日 下午11:25楊婷茹









嘉市E-bike試騎 美國博士也說讚

張貼者:2016年2月26日 下午4:29楊婷茹






聯合新聞網 2016/02/26 06:00


張貼者:2015年1月28日 上午6:34楊婷茹   [ 已更新 2016年2月2日 下午10:03 ]

十大自行車經典路線-日月潭自行車道系統。 圖/交通部觀光局日月潭國家風景區管理處提供


104年十大自行車經典路線 圖/中央社







2015-10-30 03:16 聯合報 記者劉肇育

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十大自行車經典路線-臺北河濱自行車道。 圖/台北市政府提供


十大自行車經典路線-屏東大鵬灣環灣自行車道。 圖/交通部觀光局大鵬灣國家風景區管理處提供


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Velo-city Global 2016 自行車嘉年華在台北!

張貼者:2014年12月2日 上午7:31楊婷茹   [ 已更新 2016年2月2日 下午10:14 ]

臺北市今(105)年2月27日至3月1日舉辦2016全球自行車城市大會(Velo-city Global 2016),大會的重頭戲2月28日「樂騎臺北‧國際新年趴」從105年1月5日中午12時開始可至2016全球自行車城市大會官方網站查詢報名,活動限額4,000名,報名額滿為止,內容包括花車大遊行、自行車逍遙遊、兒童Push Bike趣味競賽、登山車Pump Track體驗及臺灣夜市小吃等豐富且多元的活動,每個人報名費用為200元,除了保險,飲水食物補給外,還將贈送活動紀念背袋,以及100元餐券,臺北市政府邀請全民一起來騎自行車逗熱鬧。
自行車嘉年華規劃從臺北市政府前廣場沿仁愛路出發,創意花車、電音三太子、吉祥物玩偶等將陪著民眾一起參與,遊行隊伍繞行臺北市區以及美麗的河濱公園,途中民眾還可將單車騎上新生高架道路,感受難得的經驗,活動現場還將有兒童Push Bike趣味競賽、單車衝浪區Pump Track體驗等特色活動舉辦。最後隊伍回到府前廣場,大會特別將臺灣夜市文化搬到市政府前舉行,除了享受美食,還將融合元宵節元素及其他國家特色表演,讓現場成為熱鬧的國際Party!
  同時,為了推廣自行車安全,將於2月25日配合舉辦2016國際自行車騎乘安全教育論壇,邀請丹麥自行車親善大使組織(Cycling Embassy of Denmark)分享相關經驗,並於2月27日舉行幼兒自行車安全教育體驗營,活動分4個梯次,將總共有240位小朋友一起來學自行車,希望透過正確的自行車觀念及騎乘教學,達到寓教於樂的目的,加強自行車的普及性並倡導自行車安全。

資料更新:2016/01/05 12:15

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